Periodontal procedures mainly focus on improving teeth, gum, and jaw bone health. Keeping your gums and jawbone healthy is an important part of maintaining oral health. They often get neglected because most of us focus only on taking care of our teeth. Due to this very reason, gum diseases are increasing at a very high rate among adults.
That is why it is very important to regularly visit your dentist for receding oral and gum health. Whenever your dentist observes receding gums, they will recommend a suitable treatment option. First, a periodontal screening will be performed to estimate periodontal health and any gum bleeding, receding, colour change, etc. The patient’s medical and dental history is also considered. You can also ask for a periodic procedure if you observe symptoms like red and swollen gums, tenderness, bleeding, loose teeth, etc.
The results of these procedures are nothing but a brilliant smile and a healthy set of gums and teeth. These procedures also make it easier to clean teeth daily and can largely help in the prevention of future dental and gum problems. After complete evaluation and examination, the dentist will perform either of the following periodontal procedures:
1. Scaling and tooth planing periodontic procedures
This method reduces gum infection by thorough cleaning of the periodontal pockets. When there is a drastic build-up of plaque and bacteria in these pockets, regular brushing and flossing cannot help clean them. On the other hand, if the build-up has not reached the pockets yet, only cleaning the gumline is enough. However, if the pockets are affected, the whole procedure has to be performed. In the procedure, the dentist lifts the gums and reaches inside of the gumlines, and removes plaque or toxins that are present. After the process, antibiotic is applied for disinfecting and soothing the gums. You may also be prescribed mouthwashes to keep microbes away. Symptoms of diseases like gingivitis can be reversed by this procedure. If the symptoms of gingivitis or any other condition persists, patients are suggested other periodontal procedures.
2. Laser treatment periodontic procedure
Laser-assisted periodontal treatments are a great way of looking after your oral health. In this technique, a laser-pointed hand equipment is used to remove contaminated tissues. The patient will experience minimal discomfort and fast recovery due to the precise nature of the laser. The gum tissue is also reshaped using a laser. A laser helps in blood clotting so there is minimized bleeding. The treatment takes only a few visits to complete. Laser treatments may be costly as compared to other periodontal procedures.
3. Dental crown lengthening periodontic procedure
Crown lengthening is performed if the surface provided by the tooth is inadequate. It can happen due to any reason like an injury breaking off the tooth, tooth decay, etc. Crown lengthening decreases the quantity of gum area and the bone so that more tooth is available for the crown placement. An accurately fitted crown helps improve oral health greatly. This procedure also helps in the cosmetic enhancement of teeth. It is carried out under the effect of anaesthesia, so the patient will not feel any pain. However, after the anaesthesia wears off the patient may have to take painkillers prescribed by the dentist.
4. Pocket deduction periodontic procedure
Healthy gums are firm and hold the teeth in place without movement. When bacteria start to build up in the gum sockets the grip on the tooth starts to loosen and it starts moving and if the gum socket is too loose the tooth may even fall off. To prevent teeth from falling off and secure the teeth, the dentist reduces the gum socket size by removing bacteria build-up.
5. Gum graft periodontic procedure
A gum graft is performed when your gumlines are receding or are already receded, in turn, exposing the tooth more than usual. It causes harm to the supporting tooth. Gum recession is a major problem, dentists recommend getting a gum graft or gum surgery to reshape and heal the teeth. Gum recession when not treated properly can cause tooth loss. Connective tissue grafts, free gingival grafts, and pedicle grafts are the three main types of gum grafts performed. Connective tissue graft is the popular method used to heal gum receding.
In the procedure, an incision is made at the roof of your mouth and the tissue from under the incision, and then it is stitched to the gum around the tooth. The incision is stitched back down. In free gingival grafts a small piece of tissue is removed from around the roof area of the mouth and is attached to the damaged gum area. This method is recommended for patients with a really thin gum area. In pedicle graft, the extra tissue is taken from the bass part of the healthy gum, and the flap is only partially cut. The gum piece is then sewn into place to cover the exposed tooth’s root. This procedure requires the patient to have enough gum tissue available. If there is not enough tissue in the mouth to cover the tooth, the dentist can use some from a tissue bank.
6. Dental implant periodontic procedure
Dental implants are used when a patient experiences bone loss. The bone tissue begins to corrupt when a tooth falls out. The implant fills the place where the tooth root must have been. It fuses with the surroundings and helps in the prevention of bone loss. Dental implants can help replace a single lost tooth as well as the whole set of 32 teeth. Moreover, implants are just like natural teeth and can last a lifetime. They add to good oral health.
7. Regenerating and reversing periodontic procedure
Severe gum infection is caused by bone damage. Simple periodontal procedures may not help in reversing or healing the condition fully. At this point, regenerative procedures may help. Tissue stimulating proteins are also used to heal the loss faster. Pocket depth is reduced by eliminating bacteria. This procedure also helps in effectively reversing the damage caused by periodontal diseases.